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The Price of Harmony: The Hidden Costs of Groupthink and How to Avoid Them

Updated: Jun 26, 2023

Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs when a group of people prioritize harmony and consensus over objective analysis and decision-making. It is a process where members of a group adopt a mindset that is focused on maintaining agreement and avoiding conflict, even if it means ignoring critical or alternative viewpoints.


Groupthink can occur in a variety of settings, including businesses, organizations, government agencies, and social groups. The symptoms of groupthink include:


  1. A sense of invulnerability: Group members believe that they are immune to making mistakes, and they become overly confident in their decisions.

  2. A belief in the group’s inherent morality: Group members believe that their decisions are morally correct and ignore ethical considerations.

  3. Pressure to conform: Members who hold dissenting opinions are often pressured to conform to the group’s opinion, leading to self-censorship and a reluctance to speak up.

  4. Stereotyping of outsiders: Members of the group tend to view those outside the group in a negative light, which can lead to a lack of consideration of opposing viewpoints.

  5. Illusion of unanimity: Group members believe that everyone in the group is in agreement, even if this is not the case.


The consequences of groupthink can be severe and can lead to poor decision-making, missed opportunities, and even disastrous outcomes. For example, the Challenger space shuttle disaster was partly attributed to groupthink among NASA decision-makers who failed to consider evidence that the shuttle’s O-rings were defective.


To avoid groupthink, it is important to encourage open communication and a willingness to consider alternative viewpoints. Leaders should also actively seek out dissenting opinions and create a culture where it is safe to express dissent. Other strategies include appointing a devil’s advocate to challenge the group’s assumptions, and assigning different group members to play the role of critical evaluator.


In conclusion, groupthink can have significant negative consequences on decision-making and outcomes. Being aware of the symptoms of groupthink and taking active steps to avoid it can help ensure that groups make the best decisions possible.


If you are interested in learning more about groupthink and how to overcome it, we invite you to enroll in our course, "Seeing Clearly: Overcoming Your Brain's Betrayal". In this course, you will learn about the cognitive biases that contribute to groupthink and how to recognize and address them. Enroll now for free and take the first step towards making better decisions and avoiding the pitfalls of groupthink.



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